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晶闸管反向并联二极管组件的关断特性研究

李涛 张星汝 何孟兵 刘俊 冯冰洋

李涛, 张星汝, 何孟兵, 等. 晶闸管反向并联二极管组件的关断特性研究[J]. 强激光与粒子束. doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202133.200239
引用本文: 李涛, 张星汝, 何孟兵, 等. 晶闸管反向并联二极管组件的关断特性研究[J]. 强激光与粒子束. doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202133.200239
Li Tao, Zhang Xingru, He Mengbing, et al. Research on shutdown characteristics of thyristor reverse parallel diodes[J]. High Power Laser and Particle Beams. doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202133.200239
Citation: Li Tao, Zhang Xingru, He Mengbing, et al. Research on shutdown characteristics of thyristor reverse parallel diodes[J]. High Power Laser and Particle Beams. doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202133.200239

晶闸管反向并联二极管组件的关断特性研究

doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202133.200239
详细信息
    作者简介:

    李涛:李 涛(1984—),男,硕士,助理研究员,从事特种电源技术研究;litao6831@caep.cn

    通讯作者:

    张星汝(1996—),女,硕士,从事脉冲功率技术研究;zhangxingru@hust.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TM832

Research on shutdown characteristics of thyristor reverse parallel diodes

  • 摘要: 晶闸管具有控制特性好,寿命长、体积小、噪声小等优点,是高功率脉冲电源的重要器件。但晶闸管在高电压、大电流、重频工作条件下使用时,会出现晶闸管无法在特定时间内关断的情况,导致脉冲电源出现故障。为提高晶闸管在重频下的工作能力,本文对脉冲功率晶闸管组件的关断过程进行研究。基于晶闸管的关断原理和实验分析,在相同$ {\rm{d}}i/{\rm{d}}t$下,增大电流峰值$ {I_{\rm{p}}}$对晶闸管反向恢复特性影响较小,并得到了晶闸管的反向恢复时间、反向恢复电荷和${\rm{d}}i/{\rm{d}}t$的关系。根据实验数据拟合晶闸管反向恢复电流波形,修改了电流指数函数模型,可以更好地拟合反向恢复电流。
  • 图  1  晶闸管关断电压电流波形

    Figure  1.  Thyristor shutdown voltage and current waveforms

    图  2  晶闸管电流指数函数模型

    Figure  2.  Thyristor current exponential function model

    图  3  关断实验电路图

    Figure  3.  Shutdown experiment circuit diagram

    图  4  不同di/dt下晶闸管反向恢复电流

    Figure  4.  Reverse recovery current of thyristor under different di/dt

    图  5  不同电流峰值${I_{\rm{p}}}$下晶闸管的反向恢复电流

    Figure  5.  Reverse recovery current of thyristor under different current peaks ${I_{\rm{p}}}$

    图  6  开关连接图

    Figure  6.  Switch connection diagram

    图  7  1500 V晶闸管关断电压电流波形

    Figure  7.  Thyristor shutdown voltage and current waveform at 1500 V

    图  8  ${Q_{{\rm{rr}}}}$${\rm{d}}i/{\rm{d}}t$的关系

    Figure  8.  Relationship between ${Q_{{\rm{rr}}}}$ and ${\rm{d}}i/{\rm{d}}t$

    图  9  ${I_{{\rm{RM}}}}$${Q_{{\rm{rr}}}}$${\rm{d}}i/{\rm{d}}t$的关系

    Figure  9.  Relationship between ${I_{{\rm{RM}}}}$, ${Q_{{\rm{rr}}}}$ and ${\rm{d}}i/{\rm{d}}t$

    图  10  ${t_{{\rm{rr}}}}$${I_{{\rm{RM}}}}$${Q_{{\rm{rr}}}}$的关系

    Figure  10.  Relationship between ${t_{{\rm{rr}}}}$, ${I_{{\rm{RM}}}}$ and ${Q_{{\rm{rr}}}}$

    图  11  1500 V关断计算波形和实验波形对比

    Figure  11.  Calculated waveform and experimental waveform comparison for 1500 V shutdown

    图  12  修正模型关断计算波形和实验波形对比

    Figure  12.  Shutdown waveform comparison between modified calculation and experiment

    表  1  不同电压下晶闸管关断数据

    Table  1.   Thyristor shutdown data at different voltages

    U/VIp/AIRM/AtS/μstf/μsdi/dt/(A·μs−1trr/μsQrr/μC
    350 183.5 42.35 22.3 42 1.90 64.3 1245.6
    400 200.8 50.2 25.4 43.3 1.98 68.7 1582.6
    450 247.8 53.33 21.1 54.7 2.53 75.8 1831.0
    550 313.7 69.02 20.8 57.5 3.32 78.3 2443.3
    650 363.9 78.43 21 50.5 3.73 71.5 2545.6
    800 461.2 90.98 22.4 65.3 4.06 87.7 3602.0
    1000 571 109.8 21.6 65.3 5.08 86.9 4303.2
    1200 683.9 125.5 23.1 62 5.43 85.1 4832.6
    1050 577.3 119.2 19.8 74.6 6.02 94.4 5046.3
    1550 859.6 156.9 21.9 77.1 7.16 99 6977.6
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  关断计算数据

    Table  2.   Shutdown calculation data

    di/dt/(A/μs)Qrr/μCIRM/Atrr/μs
    calculated value6.816155.22147.1892.96
    experimental value6.816071.8150.689.4
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-08-15
  • 修回日期:  2021-02-18
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-03-11

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