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高功率微波技术/High Power Microwave Technology
大动态高精度有界波电磁脉冲模拟器设计
周开明, 李铮迪, 邓建红
, doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202032.190373
摘要:
介绍了一种精细化、连续可调的中型有界波电磁脉冲模拟器,该模拟器配置了前沿快、结构紧凑、脉冲电压调节范围宽、自动化程度高的新型高压脉冲源,实现了全系统的计算机光纤控制,解决了控制系统抗干扰问题,提升了源的模拟能力和设备的应用范围。模拟器的具体指标为:脉冲前沿约2.5 ns,半高宽约23 ns,工作空间4 m×4 m×5.8 m,输出电场强度在0.2~60 kV/m范围内连续可调。
G波段分布作用速调管用新型周期永磁聚焦系统
王自成, 王元坤, 曲兆伟
, doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202032.190364
摘要:
提出了一种新型周期永磁(PPM)聚焦系统,其中,每半个周期的这种PPM聚焦系统由1件极靴和5块永磁体共同组成,第1、第3、第5块永磁体与第2、第4块永磁体的极化方向相反,且任何相距半个周期的2块永磁体均具有相反的极化方向。采用MTSS2018对这种新型PPM聚焦系统的磁场进行了计算,结果表明新型PPM聚焦系统的轴线上磁感应强度Bz具有显著的第3次和第5次空间谐波,在过0点后能够更快上升到峰值,整体构型十分接近具有理想矩形分布的PPM系统。采用MTSS2018对G波段分布作用速调管(EIK)所需的电子枪进行了模拟计算,并采用上面计算的Bz对该电子注进行聚焦,获得了电子注电压为22 kV,电子注电流为215 mA的电子注,电子注最大半径为0.08 mm,满足G波段EIK的应用要求。计算中的峰值磁感应强度仅为1.2\begin{document}$ \sqrt 2 $\end{document}BB,说明新型PPM聚焦系统与传统PPM聚焦系统相比,可以在较低的峰值磁感应强度的条件下实现电子注的有效聚焦。
惯性约束聚变物理与技术
Preliminary exploration of MagLIF concept and feasibility analysis on PTS facility
Zhao Hailong, Wang Ganghua, Wang Qiang, Zhang Hengdi, Xiao Bo, Kan Mingxian, Yang Long
, doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202032.190352
摘要:
Magnetized Liner Inertial Fusion (MagLIF) concept has promising potentials for future energy source (Phys.Plasmas, 2014, 21:072711), it is widely applicable to large-scale pulsed power generators such as the Primary Test Stand (PTS) facility (10 MA, 100 ns). In this context, we’ve developed a zero-dimensional (0D) MagLIF simulation code basing on magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) equations and Deuterium-Tritium (DT) fusion models. Relationships between fusion products and initial setups (magnetic field Bz0, preheat temperature T0 and so on) are explored using this code, results show optimal parameters existing under given inputs, which are very helpful for future experimental designs. Specifically, according to our simulations, critical driving current (>21.2 MA) is essential for fuel (50∶50 DT) energy to reach breakeven, which infers that PTS facility may not be suitable for integrated MagLIF experiments. Series of calculations are performed to confirm this inference, and more practical aluminum liner experiments are proposed and designed.