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雷电电磁脉冲对典型机载GPS模块的损伤效应研究

张万里 史云雷 何勇 沈杰 潘绪超 方中 陈鸿

张万里, 史云雷, 何勇, 等. 雷电电磁脉冲对典型机载GPS模块的损伤效应研究[J]. 强激光与粒子束, 2021, 33: 033001. doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202133.200264
引用本文: 张万里, 史云雷, 何勇, 等. 雷电电磁脉冲对典型机载GPS模块的损伤效应研究[J]. 强激光与粒子束, 2021, 33: 033001. doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202133.200264
Zhang Wanli, Shi Yunlei, He Yong, et al. Study on damage effects of lightning electromagnetic pulse on typical airborne GPS module[J]. High Power Laser and Particle Beams, 2021, 33: 033001. doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202133.200264
Citation: Zhang Wanli, Shi Yunlei, He Yong, et al. Study on damage effects of lightning electromagnetic pulse on typical airborne GPS module[J]. High Power Laser and Particle Beams, 2021, 33: 033001. doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202133.200264

雷电电磁脉冲对典型机载GPS模块的损伤效应研究

doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202133.200264
基金项目: 装备预研基金项目(61402090104);国家自然科学基金项目(11504173,11502118)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    张万里(1995—),男,硕士研究生,主要从事雷电间接效应研究;1372007310@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    何 勇(1964—),男,教授,博士生导师,主要从事弹药高效毁伤、智能弹药、电磁脉冲效应等方向的研究;yonghe1964@163.com

  • 中图分类号: TN972

Study on damage effects of lightning electromagnetic pulse on typical airborne GPS module

  • 摘要: 为研究雷电电磁脉冲对典型无人机机载GPS模块的损伤效应,通过仿真模拟和试验分析相结合的方法,获取了对GPS模块受雷电电磁脉冲暂态干扰与永久损伤过程的认识,并获得了相应端口的损伤阈值。基于对雷电流特性的分析结果,利用CST仿真模拟了雷击时,无人机内外产生的复杂电磁场环境和GPS模块线缆上耦合产生的感应电压。并对典型机载GPS模块的数据通讯端口进行了雷电脉冲注入试验。研究结果表明:随着雷电脉冲的不断增强,GPS输出波形受到削弱影响的程度不断加重,直至丧失位置信息传输能力并发生物理损伤。GPS数据输入端口的雷电脉冲损伤阈值为314.5 V,GPS数据输出端口的雷电脉冲损伤阈值为235.2 V。
  • 图  1  无人机3D模型

    Figure  1.  3D model of drone

    图  2  电流分量A的时域波形

    Figure  2.  Time domain waveform of current component A

    图  3  探针和线缆布局

    Figure  3.  Layout of probes and cable

    图  4  雷击电磁环境

    Figure  4.  Lightning electromagnetic environment

    图  5  线缆耦合感应电压

    Figure  5.  Transient voltage waveform on cable

    图  6  GPS模块

    Figure  6.  GPS module

    图  7  正常工作状态下GPS输出波形

    Figure  7.  GPS output waveform under normal working conditions

    图  8  注入试验布局

    Figure  8.  Layout of the injection experiment

    图  9  注入雷电脉冲波形

    Figure  9.  Waveform of the injected electric pulse

    图  10  不同U0条件下UPIP变化曲线

    Figure  10.  Variation trend of UP and IP under different condition of U0

    图  11  不同U0下端口2输出UHUL变化趋势

    Figure  11.  Variation trend of UH and UL under different condition of U0

    图  12  不断提高U0对GPS输出波形影响

    Figure  12.  Influence of increasing U 0 on GPS output waveform

    图  13  不同U0条件下UP变化曲线

    Figure  13.  Variation trend of UP under different condition of U0

    图  14  暂态干扰信号

    Figure  14.  Transient interference signal

    图  15  永久损伤信号

    Figure  15.  Permanent damage signal

    表  1  无人机材料参数

    Table  1.   Material parameters of the drone

    No.materialdensity/(kg·m−3permittivityconductivity/(S·m−1relative permeability/(H·m−1application
    1copper8500/5.8×1071motor
    2polyimide12002.4~4.5/1shell of battery, control module, stage
    3Al 70752800/351wing frame, main part
    4carbon fiber150053001panel
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  GPS模块端口信息

    Table  2.   GPS module port information

    No.nameI/Odescriptioncharacteristic
    1SDAOI2C bus master-slave datecompass clock pin
    2GNDGgroundground
    3TXOUART communication interfaceGPS date output pin
    4RXIUART communication interfaceGPS date input pin
    5VCCIDC supply3.6~5.5 V
    6SCLII2C bus master-slave datecompass clock pin
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-09-14
  • 修回日期:  2020-11-13
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-03-30
  • 刊出日期:  2021-03-05

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